Adaro Footprints and Hong Kong Energy Transition

Writer: Metta Dharmasaputra

Editor: Yura Syahrul

16/7/2019, 20.03 WIB

Hong Kong tightens the regulation for power plants to pursue carbon emission reduction target by 2030. It chose Adaro’s low sulphur coal.

Foto Artikel Mas Metta
Metta Dharmasaputra|KATADATA
Castle Peak Power Station

In January 2017, the Hong Kong government was determined to launch a program for energy transition and carbon emission reduction, as outlined in a road map called Hong Kong’s Climate Action Plan 2030+.

The climate change action plan was designed as a follow-up to the enactment of Paris Agreement in November 2016. It was approved during the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris at the end of 2015.

This global collective movement aims to withhold the rise of global temperature from exceeding two percent above pre-industrial times. For this reason, it is necessary to reduce carbon emissions by 40-70 percent until 2050.

Hong Kong made a fast move and ran its program in a planned, measurable and consistent manner. They set an ambitious target by 2030. Carbon intensity reduction is targeted to gradually decline from 50 to 60 percent by 2020 and 65-70 percent by 2030—based on 2005.

Hong Kong made a fast move and ran its program in a planned, measurable and consistent manner. They set an ambitious target by 2030. Carbon intensity reduction is targeted to gradually decline from 50 to 60 percent by 2020 and 65-70 percent by 2030—based on 2005.

Such reduction is equivalent to the absolute carbon emission reduction of 20 percent by 2020 and 26-36 percent by 2030. If it is achieved, then the carbon emission per capita also shrink from 6.2 tons in 2014 to less than 4.5 tons in 2020 and from 3.3 to 3.8 tons in 2030.

Energy Power Plants

To pursue this target, the Hong Kong government immediately made improvements. It campaigned for low carbon lifestyle. People are encouraged to be more active in walking, cycling and using public transportation, especially electric trains, rather than private cars. The growth in the number of cars is even controlled.

Regarding energy utilization, electricity regulation is the main focus. Green buildings or energy-friendly buildings are being promoted since 90 percent of electricity is consumed by buildings for lighting.

In this regard, a power plant energy roadmap was also compiled. This is because, when the 2030 Action Plan was launched, around 70 percent of carbon emissions still came from power plants even though the construction of coal-fired power plants has ceased to exist since 1997. Transportation only accounted for 16 percent, while the rest came from garbage and others.

The power plants will gradually switch to using liquefied natural gas (LNG). Electricity supply from gas-fired power plants (27 percent in 2015) is targeted to reach 50 percent by 2020.

The portion of coal-fired power plants (48 percent in 2015) will shrink to 25 percent, while the remaining 25 percent will be supplied from power plants that use non-fossil and renewable energies, such as nuclear, solar and wind.

CLP Power Hongkong
CLP Power's gas power plant in Hong Kong (www.clp.com.hk)

The effort to realize a clean energy nation is indeed a necessity. However, the Hong Kong government is aware that its implementation is not easy and needs to be done gradually.

As one of the leading nation in logistics, trade and finance in Asia, guarantee of electricity availability is a must.

Energy Mix of CLP Power

In Hong Kong, the electricity is supplied by two private companies: CLP Power Hong Kong Ltd owned by Sir Elly Kadoorie family and Hong Kong Electric Ltd owned by tycoon Li Ka-shing.

Besides having a number of power plants, CLP also operates the transmission network and distributes the electricity to consumers. The Kowloon-based company was founded in 1901 and is currently listed as the largest electricity supplier.

Its service covers 80 percent of Hong Kong’s population, while the rest is supplied by Hong Kong Electric. The amazing thing is that the level of electricity availability guaranteed by CLP Power reaches 99.999 percent.

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