Revision amid KPK Commissioner Selection
The KPK -- quoting the sentence from former constitutional court chief Mahfud MD -- is the most successful son of the reform in combating corruption. These words he said in 2015 are still relevant.
It was indeed challenging to find other state institutions capable of handling 1,064 corruption cases within 16 years. The number of cases has been counted since the KPK became effective in 2003.
Since 2002-2018, the KPK has succeeded in arresting 247 perpetrators of corruption who were members of the DPR or the Regional House of Representatives (DPRD). Based on the following Databoks chart, the highest number of perpetrators caught by the KPK were DPR or DPRD members. The second-largest came from the private sector.
In 2018, the KPK handed over Rp 516.6 billion as part of rescuing the state money, which was included in the realization of non-tax revenue (PNBP). It rose 167.3 percent compared to the previous year.
The biggest PNBP came from the confiscation of corruption cases worth Rp 323 billion, increasing 508.3 percent compared to 2017. Meanwhile, the rest came from substitute money of corruption cases worth Rp 109.7 billion and the auction result of the confiscation from money laundering cases worth Rp 43.4 billion.
On Twitter, Mahfud mentioned the sudden revision of the KPK Law. “Why is the discussion not waiting for new DPR members whose inauguration will take place three weeks from now?” he said.
In standard procedures under Law No. 12/2011 on the formation of laws and regulations, every bill that will be discussed must first be included in the national legislation program. Its determination is usually carried out by the government and the DPR in late October or early November.
Indonesian Parliament Watch (Formappi) Researcher Lucius Karus saw hidden interests of political parties to revise the law without consulting first with the public. This revision is thought to be a transaction tool for political parties ahead of the DPR member turnover season. “The future of our democracy is grim because of this matter,” he said.
Even more worrying is that the revision of this law coincided with the election of KPK commissioner candidates. The DPR Commission III said it would elect candidates following the KPK Bill.
“The new KPK leaders are expected to work with the newly revised law,” DPR member from the PPP faction Arsul Sani said in the Parliament Complex in Jakarta, Friday (9/6).
The selection process is currently in the spotlight. Several candidates who passed the selection phase received criticism, including Insp. Gen. Firli Bahuri.
About 500 employees in KPK rejected Firli and warned the Selection Committee (Pansel) to be more selective. Firli allegedly met with some people involved in the graft cases.
The DPR believes that the discussion of this bill will be completed in the current legislative assembly membership period or before October 2019. According to Arsul, there were six initiators of the KPK Law revision.
The six people are part of the Baleg and come from different factions in the DPR. Arsul was reluctant to mention the names of the initiators. “Unethical,” he said.
The ten factions in the DPR Legislative Assembly are PDI-P, Golkar, Nasdem, PKB, PPP, Hanura, Democratic Party, PKS, PAN, and Gerindra. “If there are six initiators, it means there are six factions,” Asrul said.